It is a city in Los Angeles County, California-United States. El Segundo in Spanish means “The Second in English”. It was located in the Santa Monica Bay incorporated in 1917 and is one of the Beach Cities of Los Angeles County and part of the South Bay Cities Council of government with a population of 16,654 from the recent census.
El Segundo was first settled by the Tongva (Gabrielino) and Chumash Native American tribes hundreds of years ago. The area was once a part of Rancho Sausal Redondo (“Round Willow Patch Ranch”). Rancho Sausal Redondo extended from Playa Del Rey in the North to Redondo Beach in the South.
The current oil company was originally a Mexican land grant owned by Antonio Ygnacio Avila, the rancho was later purchased by a Scottish baronet named Sir Robert Burnett. After his return to Scotland, the property was purchased by then current manager of the rancho, Daniel Freeman. Daniel Freeman sold portions of the rancho to multiple owners. George H. Peck (1856–1940) owned the 840 acres (approx. 3.4 km2) of land the Chevron Refinery now sits on. Peck also developed land in neighboring El Porto where a street still stands to his name. The city earned its name (“the second” in Spanish) as it was the site of the second Standard Oil refinery on the West Coast (the first was at Richmond in Northern California), when Standard Oil of California purchased the 840 acres (approx. 3.4 km2) of farm land in 1911. The company was renamed Chevron in 1984 and the El Segundo refinery will soon enter its second century of operation.
The Douglas Aircraft Company plant in El Segundo was one of the major aircraft manufacturing facilities in California during World War II. It was one of the major producers of SBD Dauntless dive bombers which achieved fame in the Battle of Midway. The facility, now operated by Northrop Grumman, is still an aircraft plant.
In 2006, El Segundo won an Eddy award for being the most business-friendly city in L.A. County. El Segundo is in transition from being a predominantly blue-collar ‘company town’ to being a ‘corporate’ town where the tax base relies on a non-resident working population. Pollution and toxic waste cleanup remain issues as El Segundo converts industrial sites to shopping malls and sports facilities. The north and south boundaries of the town are the LAX airport and Manhattan Beach, with the Pacific Ocean as the western boundary. Aircraft noise from LAX is a major issue for residents on the north side of El Segundo. Residents are currently active in tree-planting along Imperial Highway.
El Segundo has many aviation-related and petroleum-related industries and operations and the name was adopted in 1911 when Chevron built its second refinery, El Segundo, which is Spanish for “The Second”.
In 1930 Los Angeles Municipal Airport, later Los Angeles International Airport, opened north of El Segundo; its presence led to the concentration of aerospace and aviation-related firms in the El Segundo area.
Many large aerospace companies have facilities in El Segundo including Boeing, Raytheon, Lockheed Martin, Northrop Grumman, Wyle Laboratories and The Aerospace Corporation. The last two are headquartered there. It is also home to the Los Angeles Air Force Base and the Space and Missile Systems Center (SMC) which is responsible for space-related acquisition for the military.
In addition to the Chevron oil refinery, El Segundo is located next to the Hyperion sewage treatment plant and the El Segundo power plant. The El Segundo power plant is operated by the American energy company NRG. In an effort to combine sustainable and environmentally-friendly techniques with fossil power generation, NRG will create a new combined cycle power island, providing power for 240,000 households.
Film production companies are located in El Segundo including Rhythm and Hues Studios and Lightstorm Entertainment and Nexon America, the North American branch of Korean online game publisher Nexon Co. Ltd. has its offices in El Segundo.
The North American branch of the Japanese video game publisher and developer Square Enix has its headquarters in El Segundo.
The North American branch of Konami Digital Entertainment, a wholly owned subsidiary of Konami Corporation and its headquarters in El Segundo. Fresh & Easy, a subsidiary of Tesco, has its headquarters in El Segundo.
Due to its proximity to Los Angeles International Airport, El Segundo became the host of several offices of airlines.
In 1979, the United Airlines Reservation Center, a two story facility in the International Center was scheduled to begin construction by Austin Co. which is expected to be completed in no distant time. Japan Airlines operates its United States headquarters, which was moved from New York City to El Segundo in around 2003. The airline moved its North America headquarters to Greater Los Angeles in 1990 and the headquarters were situated in El Segundo until 2005.
Air China operates its North American headquarters in south of Los Angeles International Airport in El Segundo. Air New Zealand operates its United States headquarters in El Segundo. Other airlines with offices in El Segundo include Air Tahiti Nui, Aero-Mexico, China Airlines Emirates, EVA Air and Singapore Airlines.
According to the recent Census, El Segundo has a relatively high median household income with a low population living below the federal poverty line. The median income for household in the city and per capita income is high.
The Los Angeles County Department of Health Services operates the Curtis Tucker Health Center in Inglewood, serving El Segundo. The United States Postal Service operates the El Segundo Post Office at El Segundo and the Bay Cities Annex Post Office at Mariposa Avenue.
In the California State Legislature, El Segundo is in the 26th Senate District and the 62nd Assembly District. In the United States House of Representatives, El Segundo is in California’s 33rd congressional district. The El Segundo Herald is the community newspaper for El Segundo. The paper was established in 1911, six years before the City was incorporated. It had its 100-year anniversary of service to the community in 2011.
El Segundo has its own beach as well as three public pools including two outdoor pools open only during the summer months. The El Segundo Parks and Rec staff are the basis for the hit NBC program Parks and Rec. El Segundo has two full-sized turf fields named Campus El Segundo Athletic Fields in which is open to the public.
State Route 1 California’s Pacific Coast Highway, passes through the city as Sepulveda Boulevard, while Interstate 105 begins its journey at Sepulveda Boulevard just outside the northern city limits of El Segundo and heads east to Norwalk.
Amtrak’s El Segundo Bus Stop (ESG) is located at the Los Angeles County Metro Green Line Douglas Station and is serviced by Thruway Motor coach. The stop is on Amtrak’s 1c bus route that runs four times a day between Amtrak’s Torrance Bus Stop (Alpine Village) and the Bakersfield Amtrak Station where passengers transfer to and from trains on Amtrak’s San Joaquin route; passengers can also connect with Amtrak’s Pacific Surfliner route at the Van Nuys Amtrak Station.
Los Angeles International Airport is located immediately to the north of El Segundo. In 2014, an air quality study found harmful ultrafine particles from the takeoffs and landings at Los Angeles International Airport to be of much greater magnitude than previously thought.
The formal official name is the City of El Segundo, but most people and references simply refer to it as El Segundo, California and the formal boundaries for the City of El Segundo encompass a land area of 5.46 sq. miles and a water area of 0 sq. miles.